How To Write a Command Line Ruby Gem

So yesterday we saw how to setup and run ruby scripts as executables from the command line. While this is pretty rad, it definitely has its limitations. For one, it's not very portable and secondly it just isn't very flexible or powerful. If we stuck with this approach we'd need to write our own semantic versioning, we'd have to setup a way to make sure that all of our required 3rd party gems get installed properly... really it'll just be a big mess if we try to hand-roll it.

Instead we're going to turn to Bundler to help us manage our files and turn our command line tool into a ruby gem. I'm going to start fresh and create a totally new tool, called zerp. I don't know what zerp's purpose will be in the long run, but today we're going to make it print some text to verify everything is working.

New RVM Gemset

Before I do anything with gems I want to make sure I have a cleanroom of sorts. So if anything goes horribly wrong I can just throw everything away and start over. To do this we'll use RVM to create a new gemset.

rvm gemset create zerp  
rvm gemset use zerp  

If you run rvm current you should see something like this: [email protected]

Now that we have our cleanroom we can template out a new gem.

Bundle Gem

If bundler is not one of our global gems we can go ahead and install it with gem install bundler. You can do gem list to see what gems are in your global set.

With Bundler in hand we will generate the boilerplate for our new gem:

bundle gem zerp

This will create a new folder called zerp/ and fill it with several files. cd into zerp/ and take a look around.

drwxr-xr-x  10 Rob  staff   340B Jun 14 08:38 .  
drwxr-xr-x  21 Rob  staff   714B Jun 14 08:38 ..  
drwxr-xr-x  11 Rob  staff   374B Jun 14 08:38 .git  
-rw-r--r--   1 Rob  staff   154B Jun 14 08:38 .gitignore
-rw-r--r--   1 Rob  staff    89B Jun 14 08:38 Gemfile
-rw-r--r--   1 Rob  staff   1.0K Jun 14 08:38 LICENSE
-rw-r--r--   1 Rob  staff   490B Jun 14 08:38
-rw-r--r--   1 Rob  staff    48B Jun 14 08:38 Rakefile
drwxr-xr-x   4 Rob  staff   136B Jun 14 08:38 lib  
-rw-r--r--   1 Rob  staff   626B Jun 14 08:38 zerp.gemspec

Bundler has already setup a git project for us, as well as including a folder structure for our library. This article from does a great job of explaining what everything in the boilerplate is.

Zee Codez!

Our project contains a folder called lib which is where we'll store our Ruby code. Open up lib/zerp.rb. We'll populate it with an example class called Chatter which'll spit out our version of Hello World.

require "zerp/version"

module Zerp  
  class Chatter
    def say_hello
      puts 'This is zerp. Coming in loud and clear. Over.'


It wouldn't be much of a CLI without an executable. For that we'll need to create a folder called bin in the root of our project. Next create a file called zerp without any kind of file extension. We're going to require our Chatter class and tell it to say_hello.

#!/usr/bin/env ruby

require 'zerp'

chatter =  

The shebang #!/usr/bin/env ruby tells the system that it should use Ruby to execute our code. After that we require our 'zerp' module defined previously. Finally we instantiate Zerp::Chatter and tell it to say_hello. If all goes well it should respond with

This is zerp. Coming in loud and clear. Over.  

Let's see if we can make that happen.


We're going to open the zerp.gemspec and make it look like so:

# -*- encoding: utf-8 -*-
require File.expand_path('../lib/zerp/version', __FILE__) do |gem|  
  gem.authors       = ["Rob Dodson"]         = ["[email protected]"]
  gem.description   = %q{When a problem comes along..You must zerp it}
  gem.summary       = %q{Now zerp it..Into shape}
  gem.homepage      = ""

  gem.files         = `git ls-files`.split($\)
  gem.executables   = ["zerp"]
  gem.test_files    = gem.files.grep(%r{^(test|spec|features)/})          = "zerp"
  gem.require_paths = ["lib"]
  gem.version       = Zerp::VERSION

The main thing I did was to correct the two 'TODO' entries, and to change the gem.executables line from

gem.files.grep(%r{^bin/}).map{ |f| File.basename(f) }  


gem.executables   = ["zerp"]  

For reaons unknown to me the previous code wasn't picking up my executable properly so I replaced it with ["zerp"]. I got the idea from Project Sprouts which also uses this technique and seems to work fine on my system.

Alright we're done! Let's test this thing!

Cross your fingers

To install the Gem we'll use Rake's install task. Go ahead and run rake install from the root of the project. It should create a pkg directory and notify us via the terminal that our gem was installed succesfully. Moment of truth time...type zerp into the terminal. If you see This is zerp. Coming in loud and clear. Over. then you're good to go. After you've committed everything to Github and setup a RubyGems account you should be able to run rake release to send your gem out into the world where it can wow the jaded masses and delight with all its wonders. Good Luck! - Rob

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